As the Paris COP21 came to an end on December 12 the civil societies around the world were left mildly satisfied with the outcome of what should have been a binding agreement to reduce fossil fuel emissions by 2023. The aim is to reduce the world temperature by 2°C before 2023 allowing us some time to rethink a better usage of our natural resources without further polluting the environment, but the commitments taken by governments are weak and we hope for a revision no later than the 2020, as suggested by the former President of Legambiente Vittorio Cogliati Dezza.
The fear of exposure that proliferated after the terrorist attacks on November the 13th did not permit many scheduled demonstrations to take place in the city: all had to be played down, some demonstrators were arrested as they disobeyed the police, but their voices were heard and reported by the media.
The conference, held behind closed doors, prevented the civil society to express their instances in front of the decision makers therefore the agreement was full of compromises as it sought to please the countries that are more reluctant in giving up their ways of consuming and producing energy.
In fact, the big producers of carbon dioxide were not pushed to take actions before 2023, when the first mandatory control will take place, but it was left to their good will to take measures that will reduce their emissions. Even smaller countries that rely on carbon fossil supplies from big producers, to provide power to houses and companies, refuse to change their habits because they lack the knowledge on how to produce power from renewable sources. Meanwhile the scientific community is alerting us the clock is ticking, if we do not reach the goal of lowering the global temperature of 2°C by 2023 we are doomed.
On the other hand the EU could be leading the process of inverting the trend as it is proving to be up to standards when it comes to reducing fossil fuel emissions: by 2020 it will have had reduced its emissions by 30% so it is perfectly capable of reaching 40% by 2030. The economic growth and the employment rates will follow suit, undoubtedly.
It is down to the civil societies to take actions against climate change and Legambiente is on the front line of the actions. The environmental association is ready to change the way society sees the ever urgent matter of preserving the climate in order to save the planet and most important leave a legacy to future generations which are to inhabit the earth.